jueves, 17 de septiembre de 2009

Física de la inmortalidad: punto omega

Puede interesaros este texto del teólogo de Munich Wolfhart Pannenberg.
The Omega-Point-Theory in Frank Tipler's scientific cosmology starts from three presuppositions. The first and most important one is the anthropic principle in its sharpest form as final anthropic principle claiming that life and intelligent life are not only necessary within our universe, but can also no more disappear after their first emergence. Rather they are destined to pervade and dominate the entire universe.
The second presupposition is the assumption that the expansion of the universe, the history of which according to the cosmological standard theory began with a Big Bang about 15 billion years ago, will not continue indefinitely, but enter into a phase of contraction under the influence of gravitation, until this will finally end in a Big Crunch, a collapse of the matter of the universe within small space - in analogy with the "Black Holes" that originate even in the present phase of the universe by collapse of matter. The expansion of the universe, then, neither continues in "open" form into a steadily growing space, nor "flat" - according to the opinion of most contemporary cosmologists - in the state of an equilibrium of expansion and gravitation, but "closed" with a collapse of matter at its end. It is only in this model of the universe that there is a final point of its history, the Omega point.
Tipler's third presupposition is that the energy available in the universe is unlimited. Therefore, our universe will not end in a state of maximal entropy, but possibly in a state of eternal life, which means maximal information processing. According to Tipler life is essentially accumulation of information. On its path towards the Omega point life has to pervade and finally dominate the entire material universe. The Omega point itself, however, will be a place of maximal accumulation of information, and therefore it will be immanent as well as transcendent with relation to each point in spacetime. Therefore, the Omega point will have the properties of personality, omnipresence, omniscience, omnipotence and eternity.
These properties of the Omega point provide in final future of the universe with the capacity of creating the whole universe. At this point of the argument, the time perspective of the description of the universe given so far by Tipler himself gets reverted: God in his capacity as final future of the universe is really its creator, who draws his creatures into communion with himself by way of the history of the universe. While we act from our present into the future, because we look forward to a future outside ourselves, God who is himself the absolute future places his creatures into an existence that precedes that future and moves towards it.
El comentario se refiere a: Tipler, F. and J. Barrow. The anthropic cosmological principle. New York, 1995, Anchor Books.